GI Endoscopy is a procedure used to examine the inside if the upper and lower GI tract. It is often used if a patient is experiencing abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, swallowing difficulties, gastric reflux, unexplained weight loss, anemia, or bleeding in the upper GI tract. These symptoms can be caused by a number of conditions that the physician can detect during this procedure, including:
- Abnormal growths
- Precancerous conditions
- Bowel obstructions
- Hiatal hernia
An upper GI endoscopy can also be used to remove stuck objects (including food) as well as for biopsy of tissue in the upper GI tract. Bleeding ulcers may be treated through this procedure.
During an upper GI endoscopy, the physician will use a lighted, flexible endoscope to see inside the upper GI tract, including the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum—the first part of the small intestine.